White lines painted on the pavement indicate
traffic going in your direction (such as one-way streets).
Yellow lines mark the center of a two-way road used
for two-way traffic. You may pass on a two-way road if the yellow center
line is broken. When a solid and a broken yellow line are together, you
must not pass if you are driving next to the solid line. Two solid yellow
lines mean "no passing." Never drive to the left of these
lines. Stay on your side of the road. Exceptions:
• When turning left at an intersection or into or out of a
private road or driveway.
• When the right half of the road is closed or blocked.
• Some carpool lanes. Enter and exit at designated places
Lanes For Through Traffic
DO NOT PASS
DO NOT PASS
(1) Solid yellow line: No passing when solid yellow
line is on your side.
(2) Double solid lines: No vehicle may pass.
(3) Broken yellow line: May pass if movement can be made in safely.
Many roads have two or more lanes going in your direction.
These lanes are separated by broken white lines. You must choose which lane
to use. Drive in the lane that has the smoothest flow of traffic.
If you can choose among three lanes on your side of the
road, pick the middle lane for the smoothest driving. If you want to go
faster, pass, or turn left, use the left lane. When you drive slowly,
enter, or turn off the road, use the right lane.
If only two lanes go in your direction, pick the right
lane for the smoothest driving.
Don't Weave—stay in one traffic lane as much as possible.
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors for vehicles that may be ready to
pass you; also turn your head and CHECK BESIDE YOUR VEHICLE to see if any
vehicle, such as a motorcycle, is in your blind spot and to be sure there
is enough room for your vehicle in the next lane.
Once you start through an intersection, keep going. If you
start to make a turn, follow through. Last second changes may cause
accidents. If you missed a turn, continue to the next intersection and work
your way back to where you want to go.
Lanes For Turning
Below are some rules to help you when turning at a street
Left Turn: Get close to the center divider line or
into the left turn lane (if there is one). When turning left, don't turn
too soon and "cut the corner" of the lane belonging to cars
coming toward you.
How to make a left turn on a two way street
About 100 feet from corner:
• Begin signalling
• Reduce speed
• STOP BEHIND LIMIT LINE
• Look left, then right, then left again.
• If safe, make turn.
Right Turn: If you are turning right, get close to
the right edge of the road (watch for bicycles or motorcycles between your
car and the curb). On a right turn, don't turn wide. Stay in the right lane
until you have finished your turn.
How to make a right turn
• Begin signalling
• Look over right shoulder
• Move as close to the right curb as
possible—OK to enter bicycle lane if
it is safe.
(2) About 100 feet from corner, reduce speed.
(3) STOP BEHIND LIMIT LINE
Look both ways.
(4) Turn into right lane.
A bicycle lane is shown by a solid white line along either
side of the street, four or more feet from the curb. This line will usually
be a broken line near the corner. The words "BIKE LANE" are
painted at various locations in this lane. Don't drive in a bike lane
unless you are making a right turn at a corner or other entrance, such as a
driveway. Then drive your vehicle into the bike lane no more than 200 feet
from the entrance or corner before your turn. Watch for bikes before
entering the bike lane. You may park in the bike lane unless signs say
Pedestrians are not allowed in bike lanes when there are
sidewalks. Drivers of motorized bicycles should use bike lanes carefully to
avoid accidents with bicycle riders.
Don't drive through a safety zone. This is a space set
aside for pedestrians. It is marked by raised buttons or markers on the
road. You will most often see safety zones in areas where there are street
cars or trolleys using the same streets as vehicle traffic, such as in San
Never drive on a sidewalk unless you are crossing a
sidewalk to enter or leave a driveway or alley. When crossing a sidewalk,
stop for any pedestrian.
Lanes For Passing
Never drive off the paved or main-travelled portion of the
road or on the shoulder to pass. You will know the edge of the
main-travelled portion of the road by the white line painted on the road
surface. When you want to pass a vehicle or bicycle going in your
direction, pass on the left. In a narrow traffic lane, wait until
the traffic is clear in the opposite lane before passing a bicyclist. Then
change lanes. Do not squeeze past the bicyclist.
Pass on the right only:
• If an open highway is clearly marked for two or more
lanes of vehicles moving in your direction of travel.
• If the driver of the other vehicle is making a left
turn. Never drive off the road or pass to the left of a driver who is
signaling a left turn. (Be careful. Sometimes drivers use the wrong turn
Don't honk when you pass on the right. The other driver
may think you are on the left and "pull over" right into you.
If you need to move into another lane, move only after you
have finished a turn you want to make and when traffic is clear.
Carpool Lanes And Controlled On-Ramps
Carpooling and bus riding are useful ways to save fuel and
reduce the number of vehicles using highways in heavy commute traffic.
Some freeways have special lanes and on-ramps for
carpools. You may use a CARPOOL if your vehicle carries a minimum of 2 or 3
people, including the driver, or you drive a low-emission vehicle that
displays a special decal issued by DMV (the passenger restriction does not
Signs at the on-ramp or along the freeway tell you the
size of the carpool (number of people) needed to use that lane and the days
and hours that the requirement applies. The pavement of these lanes is
marked with the diamond symbol and the words “CARPOOL LANE.” Do not
cross over the double parallel solid lines to enter or exit any carpool
lane except at designated entry or exit places.
Some freeways may have a special lane for buses only, or
buses and carpools. This lane is also marked by the diamond symbol. Unless
otherwise posted, motorcycle riders may use designated carpool lanes.
Vehicles towing trailers are typically not allowed to use
a carpool lane because they are restricted to the right-hand lane.
In high density traffic areas, you may sometimes see an
entire street, or a few traffic lanes on a street, marked with cones. The
cones indicate that a lane or street is being used differently. For
instance, to help relieve congestion at a sports or cultural event, entire
streets or a few lanes will be used for traffic going in the opposite
direction from what is "normal" until the traffic congestion is