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Karu Sankaralingam
aka Karthikeyan Sankaralingam
Computer Sciences and
Electrical and Computer Engineering

karu@cs.wisc.edu, Phone: (608) 890-0121
Office hours: 940am through 11am MWF

You can read about our Discovering CS project here.

Research (CV)

  • I lead the Vertical Research Group. I also founded a chip startup SimpleMachines.
  • Interests: Computer Architecture, Microarchitecture, VLSI, computing devices.
  • If you are a graduate or undergraduate student interested in pursuing research with me, read this.

Select Publications

  • Mozart: Designing for Software Maturity and the Next Paradigm for Chip Architectures, HOTCHIPS 2021
  • Heterogeneous Von Neumann/Dataflow Microprocessors, CACM Research Highlights 2019
  • Stream-Dataflow Acceleration, ISCA 2017, pdf
  • Kickstarting Semiconductor Innovation with Open Source Hardware. IEEE Computer June 2017, arXiv pre-print
  • Pushing the Limits of Accelerator Efficiency While Retaining General-Purpose Programmability, HPCA 2016, pdf, IEEE Micro Top Picks
  • Analyzing Behavior Specialized Acceleration, ASPLOS 2016, pdf
  • Cross-Architecture Performance Prediction (XAPP) Using CPU Code to Predict GPU Performance, MICRO 2015, pdf, IEEE Micro Top Picks Honorable Mention
  • MIAOW: An Open source GPGPU, HOTCHIPS 2015, homepage, IEEE Spectrum, the register, EE Times article, Enterprisetech
  • Enabling GPGPU Low-level Hardware Explorations with MIAOW - An Open Source RTL Implementation of a GPGPU, ACM TACO paper
  • Efficient Execution of Memory Access Phases Using Dataflow Specialization, ISCA 2015, pdf, IEEE Micro Top Picks
  • Exploring the Potential of Heterogeneous Von Neumann/Dataflow Execution Models, ISCA 2015, pdf, , IEEE Micro Top Picks, CACM Research Highlights
  • Architecture Simulators Considered Harmful, IEEE Micro, WDDD '14 version pdf
  • Virtually-Aged Sampling DMR: Unifying Circuit Failure Prediction and Circuit Failure Detection, MICRO 2013, pdf
  • A General Constraint-centric Scheduling Framework for Spatial Architectures, PLDI 2013, Distinguished Paper Award, pdf
  • Power Struggles: Revisiting the RISC vs. CISC Debate on Contemporary ARM and x86 Architectures, HPCA 2013. pdf, extended tech-report, web-page, ACM TOCS ISA Wars journal version
  • iGPU: Exception Support and Speculative Execution on GPUs, ISCA 2012, pdf
  • Idempotent Processor Architecture, MICRO 2011, pdf
  • Dark Silicon and the End of Multicore Scaling, ISCA 2011, pdf; IEEE Micro Top Picks 2012,Invited ACM TOCS, Communications of ACM Research Highlights 2013
  • Sampling + DMR: Practical and Low-overhead Permanent Fault Detection, ISCA 2011, pdf
  • Dynamically Specialized Datapaths for Energy Efficient Computing, HPCA 2011, pdf
  • Relax: An Architectural Framework for Software Recovery of Hardware Faults, ISCA 2010, pdf

Research Summary

I am interested in microarchitecture, architecture, and software issues for future computation systems and lead the Vertical research group. Technology constraints of unreliable hardware, process variations, and energy efficiency are going to define computation substrates of the future. My research goal is to understand the constraints of the underlying technology and applications and use these to derive architecture and microarchitecture solutions. Vertical Research Group Page.


  • William Galliher
  • Michael Davies


Teaching (Teaching evaluations)


  • B.Tech - Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, 1999
  • MS - The University of Texas at Austin, August 2006
  • PhD - The University of Texas at Austin, December 2006

Bio: Karu Sankaralingam (http://www.cs.wisc.edu/~karu) is Professor in the computer sciences department at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, where he also leads the Vertical Research Group (http://www.cs.wisc.edu/vertical/). His research interests include microarchitecture, architecture, and software issues for massively parallel computation systems. He is a recipient of the Vilas Faculty Early Career Investigator Award in 2018, IEEE TCCA Young Computer Architecture Award in 2012, an NSF CAREER award in 2009, the Emil H Steiger Distinguished Teaching award in 2014, the Letters and Science Philip R. Certain - Gary Sandefur Distinguished Faculty Award in 2013 which recognizes outstanding teaching by a member of the College of The Letters and Science. He earned a PhD from The University of Texas at Austin in December 2006, and was the lead student architect of the TRIPS chip, a 170 million transistor chip.

Page last modified on September 15, 2021