Adapted from Stephen J.
Modified by Yu-Chi Lai in 2005
Modified by Yoh in 2007 (updated
will introduce you to VS05 and
walk you through the creation of the classic Hello World program. There are
five simple steps to this tutorial.
1. Step 1: Create a Console Project
- Choose File -> New ->
Project from the VS05 menus.
You should get this dialog box.
- We wish to create a Win32
Project (chosen from the
templates on the left side).
- Set the location to someplace on your U drive
and give the project a name, in this case CS559Tutorial.
- Click OK.
- Go to the Application
- Make sure Console
application and Empty
project and selected.
- Click Finished.
2. Step 2: Add New Source File
- Right click on our project CS559 Tutorial
at solution explorer and choose Add->Add
- We want a C++ source file so choose the Code category
and C++ File (.cpp) from
the available templates.
- Enter a name for our source file, main.cpp in
our case. The location should already be under the project you've created.
- Click Open.
- You should now see a blank source file in the editor titled main.cpp.
- Lets add a window to VS05 to
make navigating our project easier. From the View menu
chooseSolution Explorer. All windows in VS05 can
be docked or hidden as you'd like so feel free to drag this new windows to a
location that is accessible but does not block your view of the main source
- The Solution Explorer shows
you a tree representing your current solution. Solutions are made of one or
more projects, which in turn are composed of one or more files. We currently
have one project in our solution, namely CS559 Tutorial.
Which currently has a single file main.cpp under Source Files.
3. Step 3: Add Code
- We are now ready to add some actual code to our program. Enter (or cut
and paste) the following code into main.cpp which
should already be open in the main source window.
using namespace std;
int main(int argc, char** args)
cerr << "Hello World" << endl;
- I'm not going to explain this code as you are expected to have a working
understanding of C++ for this (and all future) tutorials.
- Our project is very simple. We have but a single function currently so
it is easy to find the code we want. However, the projects for 559 can
become rather large and finding that one function you want to modify may not
be so easy. Let's take a look at another VS05 window
that can help us. Choose View
-> Class View to get the Class
View window. This window
is similar to the Solution
Explorer so you'll
probably want to place them together. This window shows our project as a
tree. However, theClass View window
breaks the project up by class and function rather than by file. Right now
we have only a single function main but
later your projects will grow to multiply classes each containing many
functions. The Class View window will prove invaluable when navigating such
projects later in the course.
4. Step 4: Set Intermediate Directory
there are currently some issue with VS05 and
AFS (the unified file system used by the department). VS05 creates
some temporary files when compiling programs and AFS is currently preventing
this from happening. So to remedy this situation we're going to have VS05 put
the temporary files on the local drive. These files will be lost when you
logout but they're only temporary files anyway so that's ok.
- Open the Class View window,
right click on our project CS559 Tutorial and
Select General from
the left hand pane and set the Intermediate
Directory to C:\Temp\Debug.
- The intermediate directory will have to be set in this manner for all
projects you create in VS05.
- Click OK and
we're all set to compile our project.
5. Step 5: Build Project
- We are now ready to compile and link our program. Visual Studio calls
this process building. Before building our project we need to open another
window so we can see the results of our build attempt. Choose View
-> Other Windows -> Output from
the VS05 menus.
The Ouput window
shows the output from the compile and linking process. Feel free to dock or
hide this window as we will need it rather infrequently.
- Choose Build -> Build
Solution from the VS05 menus.
This should cause some text to be placed in the output window. If you've
copied the code above correctly, you should see the following output to the
right. If the build failed you should see some text explaining why it
failed. If the error is a compiling error, you should be able to double
click on the error and the source window should update to show you the line
on which the error occured. For now we should have no errors so we've
successfully built our project and we're ready to run it.
6. Step 6: Run the Program
- To run our program from within the VS05 enviroment
we simply choose Debug ->
Start Without Debugging. You should see this console window appear.
Congratulations! You've got your first successfull VS05 project.