Red-Black Tree Data Structure


Red-Black Tree is a kind of self-balancing binary search tree. Each node stores an extra bit representing "color" ("red" or "black"), used to ensure the tree remains approximately balanced during insertions and deletions.

Key Properties

Rules of Red-Black Tree

Benefits of Using Red-Black Trees

  • Provides good worst-case guarantees for insertion, deletion, and search operations.
  • Balancing the tree requires only small (local) rotations.
  • Used in many real-world applications like the Linux kernel, Java Collections Framework, and more.
  • Example Image

    Learn More

    For more detailed information, visit Wikipedia page on Red-Black Trees.