Database Web Server

Software Installation Guide




By: Scott Selikoff

Last Modified: July 20, 2002



















            This installation guide will direct you through the process of setting up a database web server as well as setting up a database client to access the server.  The database software used in this manual is IBMâ DB2 and the application web server is Apache Tomcat.  The specific versions of these products used by this guide are:

·  IBMâ DB2 Universal Enterprise Edition 7.2

·  Sunâ Java J2SE v1.4.0_01, SDK

·  Apache Jakarta-Tomcat 4.0.4


Although this guide uses examples from these specific versions of Java, DB2, and Tomcat, the version of these products is generally invariant of the installation procedure.  Also note that there is a wealth of information available on the Internet about these products.



            Here is a quick reference chart for the installation guide:




  I.  Setting up a Database Web Server

         Step 1:  Install the DB2 Server Software


         Step 2:  Add a new Database


         Step 3:  Setting up the Environmental Variables


         Step 4:  Install the Java SDK Software


         Step 5:  Install Apache Tomcat Web Software


         Step 6:  Configure Java and Tomcat



II.  Setting up a Database Client

         Step 1:  Install the DB2 Client Software


         Step 2:  Connect to a Database





I.  Setting up a Database Web Server





·  OS:  Win2k/WinNT, or equivalent Server Software

·  Up to 700 MB

·  Local Network or Internet Access



            Step 1:  Install the DB2 Server Software


1.  First, insert your IBM DB2 installation CD into the computer you wish to install to.  If you are installing from another location such as the harddrive or a network or if the installation process does not begin when you insert the CD, locate the installation files and select setup.exe from the main installation directory.


            The DB2 pre-installation guide will then open:



            Click Install to begin the process.



Note:  If DB2 is all ready installed, you may receive a warning message similar to the following:



If the computer is currently being used as an online server, it is recommended that you select No and take the databases offline properly before continuing.  You can then continue with the installation afterwards.  Alternatively, if the system is not currently being used or you have no concern for the previous database system, then select Yes to continue.





2.  The first installation window will ask you which DB2 packages you would like to install.  Keep in mind that while the packages available for your installation version of DB2 may vary slightly from the ones we have listed, the server installation software is essential.  If this package is not available, it may be because you are not running WinNT/Win2k.



            The packages available for DB2 7.2 Enterprise Edition are:


·  DB2 Enterprise Edition:  Required to run a Server

·  DB2 Application Development Client:  Operational

·  DB2 Administration Client:  Recommended.  Required if you plan to perform client-side modifications of the database from the server computer.


            Once done selecting the packages, Click Next



3.  The installation program will then ask what type of installation you would like.  Select a Typical unless you wish to customize the files to be installed.

     Click Next


4.  Choose a drive to install DB2 to.  The Space required field will tell you how much space the installation will take up once complete.

     Click Next



5. Next, select a username and password for the central database server.  We recommend choosing a complex password since the system account is of high importance.  Make sure the check box at the bottom is checked.  This will help to simplify managing your system.



            Once done entering your username and password, Click Next



6.  The installation program will most likely ask you to confirm the creation of the account, which you can do by just select Yes.




 The final page before installation will appear, confirming the installation settings:



            Click Next



            The installation program will now begin copying files.  Afterwards, it may take some time configuring your system, so please be patient while it works.  You should reboot the computer after installation is complete.





            Step 2:  Add a new Database


1.  From the Windows Start Menu, choose:

               Start Menu à Program Files à IBM DB2 à Control Center


2.  Expand the Systems folder and select the computer you wish to add the database to.  If this the local computer you are currently using, then the network name of your computer will appear in the list.


3.  Expand the Instances\DB2 folder of the computer you selected.


4.  Right click on the Databases folder, select Create à Database Using Wizard



             The Database Creation Wizard will now open to help facilitate you in the creation of your 

            new database



5.  First, enter the general database info as follows:


·  Database name:  System name of the database.  Choose something short and simple

·  Default drive:  Drive to store the database files on

·  Alias:  Simple name or nickname to reference the database by

·  Comment:  Single sentence containing a short description of the database


Click Next


6.  The next five windows ask you many questions including how you would like to manage storage space for different types of tables.  We recommend that unless you have any specific designs in mind for the database, you allow DB2 to auto-configure this information for you.  Simply keep clicking Next.


7.  Finally, select Finish.  The following dialogue will appear and you will be notified when the process is complete.



8.  Try viewing your table using the Control Center since this application was opened when you created the database.  Locate your system and database folder and see if the new database you created appears in the list.  You may need to perform Refresh to update the system profile.  Simply select Refresh off of View on the menu bar.


            You may also try connecting to your database as a client either locally from the server itself or from another computer on the network.  Recall that if did not install the Client Administration package during Step 1, you must connect from another computer on the network to use most of the client tools.  For instructions on how to set up a computer on the network for remote database access, please refer to Section II.


            Step 3:  Setting up the Environmental Variables



1.  Next, we need to set up some environmental variables so that the different applications will knows where each others’ files.  This step is actually being done before installing any of the applications involved simply because some of the installations require some of them to be set, and since it does not hurt to set them all before installing any applications, we will do it now.


     Note that you must, when installing Java JDK and Tomcat, use the application paths that you set in this step.  If you want to place them into different locations, you must remember to go back and change the values you are entering now to reflect this information.



2a)  In WinNT/Win2k,

        From the Windows Start Menu, go to:

                                    Start Menu à Control Panel à System


                        Select the Advanced Tab at the top:



 Next, Select Environmental Variables:



We are going to add new System variables, which is the second section.  Please add the following variables and values.


System Variable











     We accomplish this by select New from the bottom taskbar and entering the values in the box as so:



     Repeat the process for all four system variables.  Note that some of them may all ready exist on your computer, so you just need to Edit them to make sure they have the correct value.  Also note that if you install these applications in different locations than we have recommend, you will need to update these values to reflect these changes later on.

2b)  In Win95/Win98,

        From the Windows Start Menu, go to Run, type Edit, and hit Enter.


        Now, we are going to modify the system Autoexec.bat file to include this information.  On the File menu go to Open, and type C:\autoexec.bat.  The file should then open.



Then, just simply cut and paste the follow lines at the end of the file:




SET CLASS_PATH = C:\jdk\bin;c:\tomcat\common\lib\servlet.jar;C:\jdk\lib\tools.jar





Finally, Go to File menu again and now select Save.



3.  Next, you need to reboot the computer for these changes to take affect.



            Step 4:  Install the Java SDK Software



1.  First, you need to download and install the latest version of the Sun Java SDK (Software Developer’s Kit).  Currently, we recommend version 1.4.  Keep in mind that older versions could cause incompatibilities with newer versions Tomcat when we attempt to bridge them later in this guide.  For a Windows-based machine, download the SDK Windows file in the second column at:





            Note that if this link is no longer valid, simply go to the Sun website ( and follow the links downloading J2SE.  Then simple follow the instructions in the preceding paragraph when you reach the list of download candidates




2.  The next step is to install the downloaded software.  Find where you downloaded the file to and double click it.  The installation process should begin.  Note, we are not going to be doing a standard installation so follow these instructions carefully.


     The following window will open automatically as the installation process begins:



Click Next




Note:  If the Java software is all ready installed, you may receive a warning message similar to the following:



Choose OK to uninstall, since you need a clean updated version of JDK, and after the uninstall process is complete, restart the process over from #2 by double clicking the Java install file again.




3.  The first page just asks you to read the license agreement.

When you are done, Click Next


4.  The next page asks you to do define a home directory for the Java kit.  We are going to change this value to be c:\JDK.  Simply select Browse and type:


                        c:\JDK              (replace c: with the drive of your choice, but remember that later)



     Afterwards, click Next



5.  The next page asks about which packages you would like to install.  Leave these settings as they are and simply click Next to continue.




6.  The next page asks which browsers you wood like Java to support.  Since this option really does not affect the server, you can select the browsers you would like to support and then click Next to continue.


7.  Finally, the installation process will commence.  You should get the following message the process is complete:



     The installer will then ask you to restart your computer.  It is recommended that you restart your computer.




Note:  While the files are being installed, you may receive a warning message similar to the following:



This warning means that there exists some program on your system currently using a file the installer would like to overwrite during installation.


We recommend closing all other applications, including disabling any web servers you might all ready be running, and selecting Retry.  If this does not work, then we recommend Rebooting and trying the installation procedure again.  Finally, if all else fails, you can select Ignore in the hopes that the problem is not detrimental.




            Step 5:  Install Apache Tomcat Web Software



1.  The first step is to download the Apache Jakarta-Tomcat, aka Tomcat, software from the Apache Web Site.  For a Windows-based machine, the direct address to the file libraries for version 4.0.4 is:



            Note that if this link is no longer valid, simply go to the main Jakarta website ( and follow the links for the Tomcat file libraries, directory /bin.


             There may be multiple versions of the software, like 1.0.24, 2.0.26, etc.  Download the latest version by selecting the file with the latest version number and an .exe extension at the end.  For example:



     Note that there is often a LE version.  This is the Light Edition of the software which takes up less space.  In general, you do not want to download this version, so make sure you select the file without an LE in it’s name.



2.  The next step is to install the downloaded software.  Find where you downloaded the file to and double click it.  The installation process should begin by informing you that it has found your Java software at c:\JDK.



     If this message does not say this, you may need to reinstall your Java files since its best to keep them in this specific directory for simplicity.  Or, you may have simply forgot to restart the machine after Step 4.


     If everything is fine, then select OK and the installation will begin:



     Click I Agree when you are done reading.

3.  The next page asks about which packages you would like to install.  Leave these settings as they are and simply click Next to continue.



4.  The next page asks you to do define a home directory for the Tomcat Server.  We are going to change this value to be c:\tomcat.  In the textbox type:


                        c:\tomcat          (replace c: with the drive of your choice, but remember that later)



     Click Install to continue


5.  Finally, the files will copy and when they are done the following screen should appear:



     Select Close to complete the installation procedure.


6.  Next, reboot the computer to initialize the Tomcat Web Server



Now that the Tomcat Software is installed, the next four steps will go over general use and testing to make sure the basic server is functioning properly.



7.  This step describes how to turn on/off the web server.


     To control your server, use the shortcuts Start Tomcat and Stop Tomcat provided by Tomcat under:

Start Menu à Program Files à Apache Tomcat 4.0


     A Tomcat command window may open on some systems.  If it does, then you must keep this Window open to keep the server running.  Closing this Window signifies shutting down the server.  Alternatively, you can use the Stop Tomcat command in the Windows Start Menu to shut down your server.




Note:  You may receive the following error message when you attempt to start Tomcat.



This is occurs because Tomcat cannot find the Java JDK files at the place you told it to.  Please review Step 3 and Step 4 to ensure that the path you provided for the environmental variable Java_Home matches the location of the Java files on your harddrive that you installed during Step 4.





8.  Next, we will test the application server connection locally.  First start the server using the instructions from the previous step.  Then go to the web site:



     This is the standard method of accessing the computer’s server locally.  Note that all of Tomcat’s requests are handled through port 8080.  We will modify this to use the default web server, port 80, later on.




     You should see something like this:



     If you do not see anything this, then it means your server might be installed but not running.  Follow the guidelines for #7 to start you server.



10.  Assuming you can access the web server locally from the computer you are at, try next to access the web server remotely from another computer.  This type of test can vary depending on whether or not you are running on a local intranet or have internet access.


     The best way is to first obtain the IP address of the server computer.  You can do this by opening a command window on the server.  On the server computer, go to the Windows Start Menu and select Run, then type command and hit Enter.  In the text window that opens, type ipconfig and hit enter.  This will list all network devices and the IP Address should be listed.


     Now, simply go to the remote computer and type http://, the IP address, and :8080.  For example, if the IP address were then you would open up your web browser and go to:



     If you are on the same local intranet as the server, you can try accessing the computer using its network name in your browser although this often requires permission by your local intranet server.



9.  This step assumes you have complete #8 successfully and can access your server locally.  We are now going to test to make sure JSP files and Servlets are being handled correctly by your Tomcat Server.


     First open up your website at http://localhost:8080.  Then Under Web Applications on the left toolbar, select JSP Examples.  You should see:



     Now, select Execute on the first few examples.  If they work, you should see a web page asking you a question or telling you information, like the date for example.  If they do not work you will see an error saying invalid page or that you have thrown an exception.


     Also check your Servlet examples in the exact same manner.  Go back to the main page, and click Servlet Examples on the left toolbar.  Then, Execute the first few just as you did for JSPs.



     Troubleshooting:  If these tests failed it means that the Java JDK kit is not successfully set up for use with Tomcat.  This could be because of many different possible errors so below we have listed recommended fixes in the order that you should try them.


1)  Restart your computer and the Tomcat Server and try again.


2)  Check Step 3 and make sure your environmental variable JAVA_HOME is set to match the location of your Java files.  Match this up with the actual files on your harddrive to make sure they exist.  If this variable is set wrong, repeat Step 3.  If the files are in the wrong directory, repeat Step 4.  In either case, restart the computer before trying again.


3)  Make sure you downloaded the correct Java version.  The most common mistakes are to have downloaded an older version of Java OR to have downloaded the JRE build instead of the required SDK build.  Recall that the SDK build is in the second column of the downloads section and you must download this particular version in order to use JSPs and Servlets.




     If this is the case, download the correct version and install it.  Restart the computer before trying again.


4)  You may want to try renaming the file tools.jar found at:



     This file is actually an old Java file and by default Tomcat should be using the copy located in the JDK directory.  If you think Tomcat might be using this copy of the file, or you are just having trouble, rename the file to tools.jar.old and see if this helps.


5)  Consult the Internet for help.  There are many possible errors that could occur and many of them depend on the versions of your software that you are using.  The Internet could be helpful in this capacity.



            Step 6:  Configure Java and Tomcat



1.  Note About Compatibility:


            In this part of the guide, we will attempt to bridge the gap between Java and the Tomcat Server.  The problem associated with producing instructions for this particular process is that it relies on specific versions of these programs that are often being updated.  It is possible that one of the programs has been modified in such a way that the process described below is insufficient.



2.  Next we need to instruct our DB2 to use JDBC.  On the Windows Start Menu, select Run, and type cut and paste the following line:


     c:\Program Files\SQLLIB\java12\usejdbc2.bat


     A batch file should open a command window and close right away.  Assuming you installed the server version of DB2 in its default path on the C:, there should not be any problem.  On the other hand, if the computer seems to have trouble executing this, direct it to search for the file usejdbc2.bat and run it when you find it.



3.  Next we need to install the DB2 driver so that Tomcat understands how to communicate with your databases.  The DB2 driver file should have been installed with DB2 and should all ready be on your computer.


     In short, we need to copy the file from:

            c:\Program Files\SQLLIB\java

     to the location:


     and rename it to db2java.jar



            In more detail:


     If you are unfamiliar with how to do this, simply open the Windows Start Menu and select Run.  Then type:

            c:\Program Files\SQLLIB\java


     This folder should open up.  Right-click on the file and select Copy.  Now, open up the Tomcat folder by going to the Windows Start Menu and typing:



     In this folder, right-click on a blank space and select Paste.  The should now exists in this directory.


     Next, we need to rename the file to have a different extension.  This might be difficult since some systems are set up to hide the extension from you.  If you cannot see the extension .zip on this file, then you need to first turn on your ability to see it.  In Win2k, go to Tools on the menu bar and select Folder Options.  Then select the View from the top row and uncheck the box that says:

            Hide file extensions for known file types




     Then select OK.  Note that while this process varies on other versions of Windows, it is essentially the same.


Back in the folder window you should now see the file name with the extension .zip.  Right-click on the file and select Rename.  Change the extension so that the new file name is db2java.jar.  You will most likely receive the following warning message:



     Simply click Yes to rename the file.



     Afterwards, you need to restart Tomcat.  Once this is completed, you should now be able to access your DB2 database on Tomcat



3.  In this step we are going to test to make sure the JDBC driver was set up properly during the previous step.  We are not going to actually make a connection to the database, since you might not have a database set up yet, but simply test that the server can process JDBC requests correctly.  Remember to restart Tomcat after making the changes of the previous step before trying this out.


     Using the Windows Start Menu, go to Run and  type notepad.  The notepad program should now open.  Cut and paste the following code:




   // Check that the DB2Driver class is available



   out.println("The test is complete, your JDBC driver is now setup");




     Use the file menu and save the file as test.jsp and save it in the directory:



     Test the file by going to:



     If the JDBC driver is set up, you should simply see a message telling you the test is complete.  If it is not set up properly, you will receive an error message similar to the following:



     If this the case, we recommend repeating the previous step and making sure the file db2java.jar exists in C:\Tomcat\Lib and that you have restarted Tomcat after making any changes to this file.


4.  If you have a database setup on server, you can test your connection to it in this step.  Like in the previous step, use notepad to create a test file called test2.jsp in the folder c:\Tomcat\webapps\ROOT with the following code in it:



<%@page import="java.sql.*"%>



   // Define the connection

   Connection con = null;



   // Check that the DB2Driver class is available



   try {

       // Attempt to connect to the Database

       con = DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:db2:<database>","<user>","<pass>");


       out.println("The test is complete, your Database has been contacted");



   // Make sure to catch any exceptions

   catch (SQLException e) {







     Note: You need to change the line:

       con = DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:db2:<database>","<user>","<pass>");


     so that it matches a database, username, and password, such as:

       con = DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:db2:bookshop","jim","apple");


     where the database is named bookshop, the username is jim, and the password is apple.



     Then, test the file by going to:



     If the test is successful, you will be informed that it has contacted your database successfully.  If not, you might be told that the username and password were incorrect, or that the database does not exist.  This means that the Tomcat server was still able to contact your database server successfully, simply that the information you provided was incorrect.



5.  The last step is optional.  We are simply going to change the default listening port of the Tomcat Server.  Normally, to access your server, either locally or remotely, you need to add the port 8080 to the IP address.  We are going to change this so that the default http port of 80 is used so that you do not need to type an additional port address.


     Open up the file C:\Tomcat\conf\server.xml using Windows Notepad.  Look around line 56 for the following code snippet:


<Connector className="org.apache.catalina.connector.http.HttpConnector"

               port="8080" minProcessors="5" maxProcessors="75"

               enableLookups="true" redirectPort="8443"

               acceptCount="10" debug="0" connectionTimeout="60000"/>


     Change the second line where it says port="8080" to be port="80", such as:


<Connector className="org.apache.catalina.connector.http.HttpConnector"

               port="80" minProcessors="5" maxProcessors="75"

               enableLookups="true" redirectPort="8443"

               acceptCount="10" debug="0" connectionTimeout="60000"/>


     The file contains two other occurrences of 8080, although these references are commented out so they do not affect the application server at all.  You can change them if you wish but changing them should have no affect.


     Afterwards, you need to Stop and re-Start the Tomcat Server.  Test to see if the new port is working properly by running:





     Note:  After making this change, you may receive the following warning in the Tomcat command window:



     This occurs when you all ready have a http server using the default web address.  If so, then you either need to shutdown whatever program is using this port to run a server on your computer, or go back to using the 8080 port as before.  Simply go back to the server.xml file and change the value back from 80 to 8080.


II. Setting up a Database Client





·  OS:  Win95/Win98/WinNT/Win2k

·  Up to 600 MB

·  Local Network or Internet Access



            Step 1:  Install the DB2 Client Software



             The installation procedure for installing the DB2 client software is nearly identical to the DB2 server software installation guide as described in Section I.  Follow the same instructions except install only the DB2 Administration Client.  The other packages are optional and not required to run the client software.





            Step 2:  Connect to a Database



             Before attempting to attempt to an online database, make sure that the database server is up and running, accepting client access, and is available to you from the network that you are on.  For example, it is a common setup to only allow database access from computers at one office and not allow anyone outside access from their home.


             In order to connect to an online database, you must first create a database entry in the Client Configuration Assistant.  Once this step is accomplished, it does not need to be repeated again for the specific database on that client computer, unless the client entry is deleted.  Also, it is normally safe to leave the database entry on the client computer after using it, even if this computer is in a lab shared by other users, since most database systems require you to enter a password each time you connect.



1.  From the Windows Start Menu, choose:

               Start Menu à Program Files à IBM DB2 à Client Configuration Assistant




2.  Click the Add button


3.  Click on the Manually configure a connection to a DB2 database option and then Click Next





4.  Choose TCP/IP for your protocol and click Next



5.  Enter the following information:

Hostname:                    < Enter the IP Address or Host Name for the computer >

Port number:                 < Enter the port number for the Database Server >

Service Name:               < eave it blank >

            Click Next to continue



6.  Under Database Name, enter the name of the database you are connecting to Click Next to continue




7.  Make sure the Register this database for ODBC box is checked, along with

the As a system data source option

    Click Next to continue


8.  You can leave the Node Options information blank

     Click Next to continue


9.  Under security options, click the Configure security options box and make sure the Use the server’s DBM configuration is chosen.

     Click Finish when you are done.


10.  You may now test your configuration using database username/password:


                        Select Test Connection



            Enter the database username and password



            Click OK when you are finished


        The application will now test to see if it can find the database.  If it can, then it will inform you of success, and you are finished.  If it cannot, it means there is an error on either the client side, the server side, or both.  If someone else is able to access the server, then it most likely means the error is on the client side and you should try adding a new entry to the client configuration table or working from another computer.



11.  Click the Close box once you are finished


     The database is now set up.  One way to access it is through the command line processor:


                        From the Windows Start Menu, choose:

                        Start Menu à Program Files à IBM DB2 à Command Line Processor


                        To log into the database, type:

                              connect to <Database Name> user <username> using <password>