Workshop on Machine Learning Meets Human Learning
held at NIPS 2008, Whistler, Canada
December 12th, 2008
Can statistical machine learning theories and algorithms help explain human learning? Broadly speaking, machine learning studies the fundamental laws that govern all learning processes, including both artificial systems (e.g., computers) and natural systems (e.g., humans). It has long been understood that theories and algorithms from machine learning are relevant to understanding aspects of human learning. For example, hierarchical Bayesian models provide a way to understand how people could maintain uncertainty at different levels of abstraction; neural networks have been a valuable tool for psychologists as a computational model of the way brains learn; reinforcement learning agrees well with the neural activity of dopaminergic neurons during reward-based learning; and sparse representations in computer vision predict well the visual features found in the early visual cortex. Human cognition also carries potential lessons for machine learning research, since people still learn languages, concepts, and causal relationships from far less data than any automated system. There is a rich opportunity to develop a general theory of learning which covers both machines and humans, with the potential to deepen our understanding of human cognition and to take insights from human learning to improve machine learning systems.
This workshop will consist of invited talks and contributed posters. The goal is to bring together the different communities that study machine learning, cognitive science, neuroscience and educational science. First, we seek to provide researchers with a common grounding in the study of learning, by translating different disciplines' proprietary knowledge, specialized methods, assumptions, goals into shared terminologies and problem formulation. Second, we will investigate the value of advanced machine learning theories and algorithms as computational models for certain human learning behaviors, including, but not limited to, the role of prior knowledge, learning from labeled and unlabeled data, learning from active queries, and so on. Finally, we wish to explore the insights from the cognitive study of human learning to inspire novel machine learning theories and algorithms. It is our hope that the NIPS workshop will provide a venue for cross-pollination of machine learning approaches and cognitive theories of learning to spur further advances in both areas.
- Yoshua Bengio, Universite de Montreal, Learning Algorithms for Deep Architectures
- Matthew Botvinick, Princeton
- Noah Goodman, MIT, Concept learning as inductive programming
- Todd Gureckis, New York University, Where am I and What Should I do Next? Overcoming perceptual aliasing in sequential tasks
- Mate Lengyel, Cambridge University
- Michael Littman, Rutgers University, Reward Bonuses for Efficient, Effective Exploration (or, KWIK Learners at Play)
- Michael Mozer, University of Colorado at Boulder
- Yael Niv, Princeton
- Adam Sanborn, Gatsby, University College London, Rational Approximations to the Rational Model of Categorization
- Mark Steyvers, University of California, Irvine, The role of prior knowledge in human reconstructive memory
- Alan Yuille, UCLA
- Jun Zhang, AFOSR
- Xiaojin (Jerry) Zhu, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Human Semi-Supervised Learning and Human Active Learning
- A psychophysical investigation of clustering. Joshua Lewis, UCSD
- The Hierarchical Dirichlet Process as a model of Human Categorization. Kevin Canini, Berkeley
- Kernels and Exemplar Models. Frank Jakel, MIT
- Learning Object-based Attention Control. Ali Borji, Majid N. Ahmadabadi and Babak N. Araabi,
Institute for Studies in Theoretical Physics and Mathematics, Iran
- A Hebbian Learning Rule for Optimal Decision Making. Michael Pfeiffer, Bernhard Nessler, and Wolfgang Maass, Graz University of Technology, Austria
- Modeling Word Association Data using Multiple Maps. Laurens van der Maaten and Geoffrey Hinton, Tilburg University and University of Toronto
- Integrating Statistics from the World and from Language to Learn Semantic Representations.
Mark Andrews, Gabriella Vigliocco, and David P. Vinson, University College London
- Bayesian modeling of intuitive pedagogical reasoning. Patrick Shafto and Noah Goodman, University of Louisville.
- Learning from actions and their consequences: Inferring causal variables from continuous sequences of human action. Daphna Buchsbaum and Tom Griffiths, University of California Berkeley
- Translation-invariant sparse deep belief networks for scalable unsupervised learning of hierarchical representation. Honglak Lee, Roger Grosse, Rajesh Ranganath, and Andrew Y. Ng, Stanford University
- Machine learning in the service of understanding human learning: an ideal observer-based analysis of the learning curve. Ferenc Huszar, Uta Noppeney, and Mate Lengyel. Budapest University of Technology and Economics, MPI Tuebingen, and University of Cambridge
The 1-day workshop consists of invited talks, poster sessions, and discussions.
See the workshop program in PDF.
Call for Poster Contributions
We invite poster submissions on all topics at the interface of machine learning and human learning.
Please submit a 200-word to one-page extended abstract via email to Xiaojin Zhu (firstname.lastname@example.org).
The abstract must be in either plain text or PDF.
Please include "NIPS Workshop Abstract" in the subject of your email.
- Poster Abstract Submission Date: Oct. 10, 2008
- Notification of Poster Acceptance: Oct. 17, 2008
- Workshop date: December 12, 2008
- Nathaniel Daw (New York University).
- Tom Griffiths (Berkeley).
- Josh Tenenbaum (MIT).
- Xiaojin (Jerry) Zhu (University of Wisconsin-Madison).
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